Δευτέρα, 1 Οκτωβρίου 2018

Correction to: Retraction of: Tumor Protein D52-Like 2 Contributes to Proliferation of Breast Cancer Cells; 10.10.89/cbr.2014.1723 Cancer Biother Radiopharm 2017;32(10):387. DOI: 10.1089/cbr.2014.1723.retract

Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals, Ahead of Print.


from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Iv1IW1
via IFTTT

Correction to: Retraction of: Tumor Protein D52-Like 2 Accelerates Gastric Cancer Cell Proliferation; 10.10.89/cbr.2014.1766 Cancer Biother Radiopharm 2017;32(10):388. DOI: 10.1089/cbr.2014.1766.retract

Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals, Ahead of Print.


from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2OpL7bC
via IFTTT

Characterization of Genetic and Epigenetic Variation in Sperm and Red Blood Cells from Adult Hatchery and Natural-Origin Steelhead, Oncorhynchus mykiss

While the goal of most conservation hatchery programs is to produce fish that are genetically and phenotypically indistinguishable from the wild stocks they aim to restore, there is considerable evidence that salmon and steelhead reared in hatcheries differ from wild fish in phenotypic traits related to fitness. Some evidence suggests that these phenotypic differences have a genetic basis (e.g. domestication selection) but another likely mechanism that remains largely unexplored is that differences between hatchery and wild populations arise as a result of environmentally-induced heritable epigenetic change. As a first step toward understanding the potential contribution of these two possible mechanisms, we describe genetic and epigenetic variation in hatchery and natural-origin adult steelhead, Oncorhynchus mykiss, from the Methow River, WA. Our main objectives were to determine if hatchery and natural-origin fish could be distinguished genetically and whether differences in epigenetic programming (DNA methylation) in somatic and germ cells could be detected between the two groups. Genetic analysis of 72 fish using 936 SNPs generated by Restriction Site Associated DNA Sequencing (RAD-Seq) did not reveal differentiation between hatchery and natural-origin fish at a population level. We performed Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing (RRBS) on a subset of 10 hatchery and 10 natural-origin fish and report the first genome-wide characterization of somatic (red blood cells (RBCs)) and germ line (sperm) derived DNA methylomes in a salmonid, from which we identified considerable tissue-specific methylation. We identified 85 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) in RBCs and 108 DMRs in sperm in steelhead reared for their first year in a hatchery environment compared to those reared in the wild. This work provides support that epigenetic mechanisms may serve as a link between hatchery rearing and adult phenotype in steelhead; furthermore, DMRs identified in germ cells (sperm) highlight the potential for these changes to be passed on to future generations.



from Genetics via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2NWRq7b
via IFTTT

The Role of Standing Variation in the Evolution of Weediness Traits in South Asian Weedy Rice (Oryza spp.)

Weedy rice (Oryza spp.) is a problematic weed of cultivated rice (O. sativa) around the world. Recent studies have established multiple independent evolutionary origins of weedy rice, raising questions about the traits and genes that are essential for the evolution of this weed. Among world regions, South Asia stands out due to the heterogeneity of its weedy rice populations, which can be traced to at least three origins: two through de-domestication from distinct cultivated rice varieties, and one from local wild rice (O. rufipogon/O. nivara). Here we examine five traits considered typical of or advantageous to weedy rice in weedy, cultivated and wild rice samples from South Asia. We establish that convergence among all three weed groups occurs for easy seed shattering, red pericarp color, and compact plant architecture, suggesting that these traits are essential for weed success in the South Asian agricultural environment. A high degree of convergence for black hull color is also seen among weeds with wild ancestors and weeds evolved from the aus cultivated rice group. We also examine polymorphism in five known domestication candidate genes, and find that Rc and Bh4 are associated with weed seed pericarp color and hull color, respectively, and weedy alleles segregate in the ancestral populations, as do alleles for the seed dormancy-linked gene Sdr4. The presence of a domestication related allele at the seed shattering locus, sh4, in weedy rice populations with cultivated ancestry supports a de-domestication origin for these weedy groups, and raises questions about the reacquisition of the shattering trait in these weedy populations. Our characterization of weedy rice phenotypes in South Asia and their associated candidate genes contribute to the emerging understanding of the mechanisms by which weedy rice evolves worldwide, suggesting that standing ancestral variation is often the source of weedy traits in independently evolved groups, and highlighting the reservoir of genetic variation that is present in cultivated varieties as well as in wild rice, and its potential for phenotypic evolution.



from Genetics via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2NeTphW
via IFTTT

Powered ankle-foot orthoses: the effects of the assistance on healthy and impaired users while walking

In the last two decades, numerous powered ankle-foot orthoses have been developed. Despite similar designs and control strategies being shared by some of these devices, their performance in terms of achieving ...

from Rehabilitation via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2xSesBO
via IFTTT

P158 Mediterranean diet: let's give the scores! A pilot study



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2IxQeAU
via IFTTT

P174 Cognitive survey on food habits in pre-school age: some general considerations



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2OwbzAc
via IFTTT

P109 Are symptoms really relevant in ESPGHAN 2012 criteria for Celiac disease diagnosis?



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Iu8T0w
via IFTTT

P101 Dietary therapy for pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis: a retrospective chart review



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2OuMshh
via IFTTT

P172 Third generation lipid emulsions with fish oil in intestinal failure patients on long term parenteral nutrition: do they help doing better?



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2IuBxi3
via IFTTT

P166 Gastro-esophageal reflux in infants: a cross-over evaluation of effectiveness of magnesium alginate vs anti-regurgitation formula



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Iu8Ode
via IFTTT

P150 Nutrition and gastroenterological pediatric outpatient clinic for children with rare disease and disability: report of 20 months of activity



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2OxvxLe
via IFTTT

P105 The growth in children with Celiac disease after the gluten free diet: a comparison between Italian and American children



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Iu8Ku0
via IFTTT

P170 Ketogenic diet: new applications beyond epilepsy



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Otmxqj
via IFTTT

P162 The colon as an energy salvage organ for children with short bowel syndrome



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Iu93VG
via IFTTT

P154 Analysis of the pediatric home enteral nutrition in Campania region: implementation rates and observed trends during the past 10 years



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2OuriQl
via IFTTT

P146 Estimation of vitamin D deficiency in healthy school-age children: current status in Italy



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Iu90Ju
via IFTTT

P099 Screening of Celiac disease: adherence to the ESPGHAN guidelines



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2OrznoN
via IFTTT

P103 Longitudinal analysis of intestinal biopsies from children with potential Coeliac disease: immunohistochemical markers predicting evolution to villous atrophy



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Iu8Ce0
via IFTTT

P107 Proteomics in the age of precautionary labeling: a translational approach to food allergy



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2OwbxIA
via IFTTT

P168 Iatrogenic protein malnutrition: acrodermatitis, hypoalbuminemia, pancytopenia in a child with newly diagnosed propionic acidemia



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Orly9X
via IFTTT

P164 A personalized and non-automated mobile-based intervention in the management of paediatric obesity: preliminary results of a pilot study (PediaFit)



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Iu8paI
via IFTTT

P160 Nutritional status and gastrointestinal disorders in pediatric patients with Rett syndrome



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2OnTGnl
via IFTTT

P156 Gastrointestinal disorders in children with spinal muscular atrophy type 1 after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement: comparison between homemade and commercial formula



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2IxeuDg
via IFTTT

P152 Therapeutic efficacy of ginger on vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Orlgjn
via IFTTT

A Survey On Fever Monitoring and Management in Patients With Acute Brain Injury: The SUMMA Study

Background: Fever is common in patients with acute brain injury and worsens secondary brain injury and clinical outcomes. Currently, there is a lack of consensus on the definition of fever and its management. The aims of the survey were to explore: (a) fever definitions, (b) thresholds to trigger temperature management, and (c) therapeutic strategies to control fever. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire (26 items) was made available to members of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine via its website between July 2016 and December 2016. Results: Among 231 respondents, 193 provided complete responses to the questionnaire (84%); mostly intensivists (n=124, [54%]). Body temperature was most frequently measured using a bladder probe (n=93, [43%]). A large proportion of respondents considered fever as a body temperature >38.3°C (n=71, [33%]). The main thresholds for antipyretic therapy were 37.5°C (n=74, [34%]) and 38.0°C (n=86, [40%]); however, lower thresholds (37.0 to 37.5°C) were targeted in cases of intracranial hypertension and cerebral ischemia. Among first-line methods to treat fever, ice packs were the most frequently utilized physical method (n=90, [47%]), external nonautomated system was the most frequent utilized device (n=49, [25%]), and paracetamol was the most frequently utilized drug (n=135, [70%]). Among second-line methods, intravenous infusion of cold fluids was the most frequently utilized physical method (n=68, [35%]), external computerized automated system was the most frequently utilized device (n=75, [39%]), and diclofenac was the most frequently utilized drug (n=62, [32%]). Protocols for fever control and shivering management were available to 83 (43%) and 54 (28%) of respondents, respectively. Conclusions: In this survey we identified substantial variability in fever definition and application of temperature management in acute brain injury patients. These findings may be helpful in promoting educational interventions and in designing future studies on this topic. E.P. and F.S.T. were involved in the study design, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting of manuscript, and critical revision. M.O. was involved in study design, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting of manuscript, and critical revision. L.P. and R.H. were involved in study design, drafting of manuscript, and critical revision. F.S.T. is a lecturer for BARD. F.S.T. is the Chair of the Neuro-Intensive Care (NIC) section of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM). R.H. is a lecturer and received congress support from Bard and Zoll. R.H. is a steering committee member for the INTREPID study supported by Bard. L.P. is the Deputy Chair of the NIC section of the ESICM. The remaining authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose. Address correspondence to: Edoardo Picetti, MD, Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Parma University Hospital, Via Gramsci 14, 43100 Parma, Italy (e-mail: edoardopicetti@hotmail.com). Received March 9, 2018 Accepted August 16, 2018 Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2OvhWDQ
via IFTTT

The Effect of Ultra–low-dose Intrathecal Naloxone on Pain Intensity After Lumbar Laminectomy With Spinal Fusion: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Background: Despite advances in pain management, several patients continue to experience severe acute pain after lumbar spine surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of single ultra–low-dose intrathecal (IT) naloxone in combination with IT morphine for reducing pain intensity, pruritus, nausea, and vomiting in patients undergoing lumbar laminectomy with spinal fusion. Materials and Methods: In this double-blind trial, patients scheduled for lumbar laminectomy with spinal fusion were randomly assigned to receive single ultra–low-dose IT naloxone (20 μg) and IT morphine (0.2 mg) (group M+N) or IT morphine (0.2 mg) alone (group M). The severity of postoperative pain, pruritus and nausea, and frequency of vomiting were assessed at recovery from anesthesia and, subsequently, at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively using an 11-point (0-10) visual analogue scale. Results: A total of 77 patients completed the study, and there were significant differences in postoperative pain, pruritus, and nausea visual analogue scale between the groups (P

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2IrF3K6
via IFTTT

Spotlight: QinFlow features the Warrior – a next generation portable blood and IV fluid warmer

QinFlow's mission is to help save lives across the entire continuum of emergency care.

from EMS via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2NfIvsf
via IFTTT

Does obesity influence the results in Transvaginal Hybrid-NOTES cholecystectomy?

Abstract

Background

Morbidly obese patients are usually excluded from studies that compare Transvaginal Hybrid-NOTES Cholecystectomy (TVC) with traditional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Therefore, these study results cannot necessarily be transferred to this group of patients. In this study, we have analyzed and compared the outcomes of the procedure with obese and non-obese patients.

Methods

Data from a prospectively maintained database were retrospectively analyzed. All the TVCs performed in our clinic since 2008 were divided into groups according to their body mass index (BMI). Within these groups, we evaluated the following outcome parameters: age, ASA classification, procedural time, number of percutaneous trocars, intra- and postoperative complications, and postoperative hospital stay. Additionally, the posthospital surgical and gynecological follow-up was evaluated for additional complications and patients with class III obesity were contacted to determine further parameters.

Results

Six underweight, 76 normal weight, 72 overweight, 48 class I obesity, 15 class II obesity, and 20 class III obesity patients were analyzed. ASA classification (P < 0.001), procedural time (P < 0.001), and number of percutaneous trocars (P < 0.001) significantly increased with the BMI. By contrast, intra- and postoperative complications (P = 0.134 and P = 0.571), as well as postoperative hospital stay (P = 0.076) did not depend on the BMI. Neither did the classification according to Clavien/Dindo show a significant relation (P = 0.640). Lethality was zero. All posthospital gynecological follow-ups were inconspicuous. Telephone follow-up of class III obesity patients reached a rate of 85% after median 3.4 years. There were no additional complications or problems during sexual intercourse. The satisfaction with the cosmetic and the overall result was very high.

Conclusions

Although the results of existing studies including normal-weight or merely moderately obese patients can hardly be applied to morbidly obese patients, especially regarding procedural time and the number of percutaneous trocars, obesity should not be an exclusion criterion for TVC, regardless of its magnitude.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2xPP0x8
via IFTTT

Correction to: Evaluation of 22G fine-needle aspiration (FNA) versus fine-needle biopsy (FNB) for endoscopic ultrasound-guided sampling of pancreatic lesions: a prospective comparison study

The HTML version of this article was updated to indicate that the copyright is with The Author(s)



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2P9pAkk
via IFTTT

Robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty: a single-centre experience

Abstract

Background

Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is characterised by an obstruction compromising the passage of urine from the renal pelvis into the ureter, and can be corrected by Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty (RALP). We aimed to evaluate the surgical outcomes of RALP, and examine the rates of true pain resolution following the procedure.

Methods

We retrospectively explored the records of all patients who underwent RALP between April 2005 and January 2017. Measures of success were defined as the prevention of deterioration in split renal function and resolution of obstruction, and the resolution or improvement in subjective pain levels.

Results

83 patients were included in this series. Mean patient age was 40.8 years. 38 patients had a left sided RALP, whilst 45 underwent RALP on the right. Crossing vessels were identified in 53.0% of patients. Mean operative time was 148.0 min. 68 patients had pain as their presenting feature. Following RALP, the pain resolved in 69.2% (n = 47), improved in 26.5% (n = 18), and remained the same in 4.4% (n = 3). 11.8% (n = 8) of patients required referral to other specialities for pain management. Success from a radiological perspective of cleared obstruction and arrest of deteriorating renal function was 97.6%.

Conclusions

Our individual outcomes demonstrate a high success rate regarding resolution of obstruction and preventing deterioration in renal function. We also report that a number of patients, who despite meeting the radiological criteria to undergo RALP, had alternate underlying causes for their pain symptoms. For this reason, we propose that the primary measure of success for RALP should be based on renal function and radiological outcomes, rather than the outcomes relating to pain. Both surgeons and patients should be aware that whilst RALP is a highly successful procedure, persistence of pain may be due to overlapping clinical conditions which can be managed by a multidisciplinary approach.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2xPOT4G
via IFTTT

Perception versus reality: elucidating motivation and expectations of current fellowship council minimally invasive surgery fellows

Abstract

Background

The aim of our study is to determine minimally invasive trainee motivation and expectations for their respective fellowship. Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) is one of the largest non-ACGME post-residency training pathways though little is known concerning the process of residents choosing MIS as a fellowship focus. As general surgery evolves, it is important to understand resident motivation in order to better prepare them for a surgical career.

Methods

A survey invitation was sent to current trainees in the Minimally Invasive and related pathways through the Fellowship Council. The participants were asked to complete a web-based questionnaire detailing demographics, experiences preparing for fellowship, motivation in choosing an MIS fellowship, and expectations for surgical practice after fellowship.

Results

Sixty-seven MIS trainees responded to the survey out of 151 invitations (44%). The Fellowship Council website, mentors, and other fellows were cited as the most helpful source of information when applying for fellowship. Trainees were active in surgical societies as residents, with 78% having membership in the ACS and 60% in SAGES. When deciding to pursue MIS as a fellowship, the desire to increase laparoscopic training was the most important factor. The least important reasons cited were lack of laparoendoscopic training in residency and desire to learn robotic surgery. The majority of trainees believed their laparoscopic skill set was above that of their residency cohort (81%). The most desired post-fellowship employment model is hospital employee (46%) followed by private practice (27%). Most fellows plan on marketing themselves as MIS surgeons (90%) or General Surgeons (78%) when in practice.

Conclusions

Residents who choose MIS as a fellowship have a strong exposure to laparoscopy and want to become specialists in their field. Mentors and surgical societies including ACS and SAGES play a vital role in preparing residents for fellowship and practice.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2P9pqte
via IFTTT

Safety and feasibility of laparoscopic surgery for appendiceal mucocele: a multicenter study

Abstract

Background

Although laparoscopic appendectomy has been widely performed since 1987, concerns over potential spillage of mucus into the peritoneal cavity during laparoscopic manipulation have prevented the use of laparoscopic surgery (LS) for appendiceal mucocele. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and short-term perioperative outcomes of LS for appendiceal mucocele.

Methods

A retrospective review was performed to identify patients diagnosed with appendiceal mucocele based on their imaging studies and who underwent surgery at one of six Hallym-University-affiliated hospitals between January 2007 and June 2016. Patient demographics, surgical outcomes, and postoperative outcomes were retrospectively analyzed.

Results

A total of 96 patients were evaluated, of whom 58 underwent LS (LS group) and 38 underwent open surgery (OS; OS group). There were no significant differences in patient characteristics between groups. The operation time was similar in both groups (P = 0.399). Intraoperative rupture occurred in two patients in each group (no significant difference, P = 0.647). Time to flatus, time to soft food intake, and length of hospital stay were shorter in the LS group than in the OS group (2.4 vs. 3.2 days, P = 0.003; 3.6 vs. 4.5 days, P = 0.024; 6.5 vs. 8.8 days, P = 0.011, respectively). The rate of postoperative complications was similar between the groups (P = 0.786). Univariate analysis revealed that rupture of appendiceal mucocele was associated with white blood cell count > 10,000/µL (P = 0.032) but not with LS (P = 0.647).

Conclusions

The results showed that LS is safe and feasible for the surgical treatment of appendiceal mucocele. An elevated WBC count was associated with a risk of appendiceal mucocele rupture.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2xPNhI4
via IFTTT

Long-term functional outcomes of Roux-en-Y versus Billroth I reconstructions after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer: a propensity-score matching analysis

Abstract

Background

Only a few reports discuss long-term functional outcomes and changes observed in patients over several years following a distal gastrectomy. We investigated long-term functional outcomes and changes after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy based on the analysis of postoperative conditions and endoscopic findings observed in patients.

Methods

The study group comprised 159 patients who underwent Roux-en-Y reconstruction following laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (R-Y group) between December 2008 and November 2012 and 78 patients who underwent Billroth I reconstruction (B-I group) between January 2002 and November 2012. To minimize bias between the two groups, propensity scores were calculated using a logistic regression model. The groups were compared with respect to postoperative conditions and endoscopic findings at 1, 3, and 5 years postoperatively.

Results

The B-I group demonstrated more frequent heartburn than the R-Y group at 3 and 5 years postoperatively. No significant differences were found in terms of loss of body weight and food intake. Endoscopic findings showed significantly lesser residual food and remnant gastritis in the R-Y group at each annual postoperative follow-up. The incidence of bile reflux and reflux esophagitis in the B-I group gradually increased over the years and showed a significant difference at the culmination of the 5-year postoperative follow-up, compared to the R-Y group.

Conclusions

Roux-en-Y reconstruction was superior to Billroth I reconstruction in terms of frequency of occurrence of residual food, bile reflux, remnant gastritis, and reflux esophagitis in the long term. Differences between the two methods became more evident as the follow-up period lengthened.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2P9phWI
via IFTTT

Correction to: Robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty: a single-centre experience

In the original version of this article, Oussama Elhage's name was spelled incorrectly. It is correct as displayed above.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2xPNKtO
via IFTTT

Role of indo-cyanine green (ICG) fluorescence in laparoscopic adrenalectomy: a retrospective review of 55 Cases

Abstract

Background

Indo-Cyanine Green Fluorescence is an emerging technology with more frequent use in laparoscopic and robotic surgery. It relies on near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence to demonstrate tissue perfusion with demarcation of tissue planes and vascular pedicles. The aim of the study is to evaluate the role of this technology in laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA).

Methods

55 patients underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy using NIR Fluorescence enabled laparoscope. All cases received a standard initial dose of 5-mg dye to aid tissue visualization. Surgery proceeded with "fluorescence mode" demonstrating real-time NIR images superimposed on standard white-light imaging. The timing, number of doses were dictated by the operating surgeon, which were recorded and correlated with intra-operative fluorescence visualization.

Results

54 patients underwent successful LA, with one conversion in a case of large pheochromocytoma due to difficult hemostasis. The lag between ICG administration and visualization of adrenal fluorescence varied between 30 and 75 s. The total duration of adrenal parenchymal fluorescence after a single dose did not exceed 15 min in our series. Average total administered dose was 14.4 mg. We suffered no mortality. There were no adverse effects due to the dye. 5 patients suffered Grade I complications, with one patient suffering Grade II and IV complication each, as per Clavien–Dindo Classification. Final histopathology demonstrated pheochromocytoma, adrenocortical adenoma, adrenocortical carcinoma, cushing's adenoma, aldosteronoma, and myelolipoma.

Conclusion

We describe our initial positive experience with ICG fluorescence in LA, with a detailed description of dye administration in our study. The technology offers real-time differentiation of tissues and identification of vascular structures, providing immediate guidance during surgery. Further evaluation of its role in adrenocortical malignancy is warranted. NIR fluorescence is a safe, useful addition in laparoscopic adrenalectomy which will undergo further refinement over time.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2P2CgK2
via IFTTT

A novel percutaneous magnetically guided gastrostomy technique without endoscopy or imaging guidance: a feasibility study in a porcine model

Abstract

Background

In order to simplify a percutaneous gastrostomy procedure and avoid the need of endoscopy or imaging methods, a novel percutaneous magnetically guided gastrostomy (PMG) technique was conceived. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the feasibility of a novel PMG technique with no endoscopy or any imaging guidance in a porcine model.

Methods

Fourteen crossbred domestic pigs were used for prototype development (cadaveric experiments) and proof-of concept, survival study. The magnetic device was conceived using commercially available rare-earth neodymium-based magnets. The experimental design consisted of developing an internal magnetic gastric tube prototype to be orally inserted and coupled to an external magnet placed on the skin, which facilitated stomach and abdominal wall apposition for blind percutaneous gastrostomy tube placement. Then, a gastrostomy tube was percutaneously and blindly placed.

Results

Twelve procedures were undertaken in animal cadavers and two in live models. The technique chosen consisted of using a magnetic gastric tube prototype using six 1 × 1-cm-ring magnets attached to its end. This device enabled successful magnetic coupling with a large (5 cm in diameter) magnet disc placed on the skin. For gastric tube placement, a direct trocar insertion allowed easier and safer placement of a gastric tube as compared to a needle-guide-wire dilation (Seldinger-based) technique. Gastropexy was added to avoid early gastric tube displacement. This novel PMG technique was feasible in a live model experiment.

Conclusions

A novel magnetically guided percutaneous gastrostomy tube insertion technique without the use of endoscopy or image-guidance was successful in a porcine model. A non-inferiority experimental controlled study comparing this technique to percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is needed to confirm its efficacy and safety.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2xPN0F2
via IFTTT

Development and validation of surgical training tool: cystectomy assessment and surgical evaluation (CASE) for robot-assisted radical cystectomy for men

Abstract

Background

We aimed to develop a structured scoring tool: cystectomy assessment and surgical evaluation (CASE) that objectively measures and quantifies performance during robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) for men.

Methods

A multinational 10-surgeon expert panel collaborated towards development and validation of CASE. The critical steps of RARC in men were deconstructed into nine key domains, each assessed by five anchors. Content validation was done utilizing the Delphi methodology. Each anchor was assessed in terms of context, score concordance, and clarity. The content validity index (CVI) was calculated for each aspect. A CVI ≥ 0.75 represented consensus, and this statement was removed from the next round. This process was repeated until consensus was achieved for all statements. CASE was used to assess de-identified videos of RARC to determine reliability and construct validity. Linearly weighted percent agreement was used to assess inter-rater reliability (IRR). A logit model for odds ratio (OR) was used to assess construct validation.

Results

The expert panel reached consensus on CASE after four rounds. The final eight domains of the CASE included: pelvic lymph node dissection, development of the peri-ureteral space, lateral pelvic space, anterior rectal space, control of the vascular pedicle, anterior vesical space, control of the dorsal venous complex, and apical dissection. IRR > 0.6 was achieved for all eight domains. Experts outperformed trainees across all domains.

Conclusion

We developed and validated a reliable structured, procedure-specific tool for objective evaluation of surgical performance during RARC. CASE may help differentiate novice from expert performances.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2P2C8u2
via IFTTT

Laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy with a new marking technique, endoscopic cautery marking: preservation of the stomach in patients with upper early gastric cancer

Abstract

Background

Laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy (LsTG) has several advantages, including technical safety and preservation of postoperative function, compared with total or proximal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer. However, LsTG has some technical issues with respect to achieving a safe resection margin and patency in patients with lesions close to the cardia or fornix. When LsTG is performed for lesions located rather close to the cardia or fornix, conventional marking clips can physically hinder transection by an endoscopic linear stapler. Additionally, tracing the tumor boundary to create a precise resection line is difficult. To resolve these issues, we introduced a new marking technique called endoscopic cautery marking (ECM) involving the creation of small cauterized spots.

Methods

Of 791 patients who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy from 2015 to 2017, 16 underwent LsTG with ECM. Before surgery, ECM was performed and the pathological tumor boundary was traced according to preoperative biopsies. Under intraoperative endoscopic guidance, we divided the stomach with an endoscopic linear stapler on the proximal side of the ECM site and examined the stump by pathological frozen section analysis to confirm the absence of cancer.

Results

The median length of the endoscopically measured distance from the esophagogastric junction to the tumor was 30.0 mm (range 15–40 mm), and the median pathological proximal margin was 11.5 mm (range 0–26 mm). Although the ECM site was completely resected in all patients, frozen section analysis showed a positive margin in one lesion, which had an unclear tumor boundary due to gastritis. For this patient, we converted the procedure to laparoscopic completion gastrectomy. No severe complications or recurrences occurred.

Conclusions

LsTG with ECM was technically feasible, and short-term outcomes were acceptable in this preliminary study. Further experience and investigations are imperative to verify the oncological and functional implications of LsTG with ECM.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2xPYTum
via IFTTT

Modularized laparoscopic regional en bloc mesogastrium excision (rEME) based on membrane anatomy for distal gastric cancer

Abstract

Background

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a new surgical procedure named modularized laparoscopic regional En bloc mesogastrium excision (rEME) based on the membrane anatomy in distal laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

Methods

From January 2014 to June 2017, 92 consecutive cases of patients with stages I–III distal gastric cancer were divided into 2 groups: laparoscopic radical gastrectomy plus standard D2 lymph node dissection (SD group, n = 44) and modularized rEME (rEME group, n = 48). Evaluations were made in terms of the operative data, pathological results, recovery time of digestive tract functions, complications, and length of stay.

Results

85 patients (SD group, n = 40 and rEME group, n = 45) were finally included for analysis. There were no significant differences in the median total numbers of dissected LNs (31.98 ± 10.48 vs. 34.93 ± 13.12, p = 0.261), LNs in the greater curvature (12.18 ± 6.55 vs. 13.62 ± 8.09, p = 0.444), LNs in the lesser curvature (19.55 ± 7.40 vs. 17.98 ± 8.31, p = 0.365) between the SD and rEME groups. The rEME group showed lower loss of blood volume (107.11 ± 60.13 ml vs. 146.25 ± 85.78 ml, p = 0.019). No significant differences were found in recovery time of digestive tract functions, postoperative complication rates and length of hospital stay between the two groups.

Conclusion

Laparoscopic radical gastrectomy plus modularized rEME based on the membrane anatomy is a safe and feasible procedure for distal gastric cancer.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2P2BYTs
via IFTTT

The impact of preoperative anemia and malnutrition on outcomes in paraesophageal hernia repair

Abstract

Background

Patients with a paraesophageal hernia may experience gastroesophageal reflux symptoms and/or obstructive symptoms such as dysphagia. Some patients with large and complex paraesophageal hernias unintentionally lose a significant amount of weight secondary to difficulty eating. A subset of patients will develop Cameron's erosions in the hernia, which contribute to anemia. Given the heterogeneous nature of patients who ultimately undergo paraesophageal hernia repair, we sought to determine if patients with anemia or malnutrition suffered from increased morbidity or mortality.

Methods

The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program datasets from 2011 to 2015 were queried to identify patients undergoing paraesophageal hernia repair. Malnutrition was defined as preoperative albumin < 3.5 g/dL. Preoperative anemia was defined as hematocrit less than 36% for females and 39% for males. Thirty-day postoperative outcomes were assessed.

Results

A total of 15,105 patients underwent paraesophageal hernia repair in the study interval. Of these patients, 7943 (52.6%) had a recorded preoperative albumin and 13.9% of these patients were malnourished. There were 13,139 (87%) patients with a documented preoperative hematocrit and 23.1% met criteria for anemia. Both anemia and malnutrition were associated with higher rates of complications, readmissions, reoperations, and mortality. This was confirmed on logistic regression. The average postoperative length of stay was longer in the malnourished (6.1 vs. 3.1 days when not malnourished, p < 0.0001) and anemic (4.1 vs. 2.8 days without anemia, p < 0.0001).

Conclusion

Malnutrition and anemia are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing paraesophageal hernia repair, as well as a longer length of stay. This information can be used for risk assessment and perhaps preoperative optimization of these risk factors when clinically appropriate.



from Endoscopy via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2xPYUif
via IFTTT

Pulsara CEO to speak at Becker’s Hospital Review Health IT Conference

James Woodson will be joined by other leaders in the industry to address the key opportunities and challenges in health IT today BOZEMAN, Mont. — Pulsara is honored to be represented by its CEO, Dr. James Woodson, at the 4th Annual Health IT + Revenue Cycle Conference on September 19-22 in Chicago. Dr. Woodson, ER Physician and Founder/CEO of Pulsara, has been invited to speak on two...

from EMS via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2zJTFSC
via IFTTT

Healthcare has a communication problem -- and there's more to the answer than your CC&C solution.

Communication issues in the healthcare industry can be detrimental to patient care, waste time and negatively affect a provider's bottom line. During an August 29 webinar sponsored by Pulsara and hosted by Becker's Hospital Review, James Woodson, MD, founder and CEO of Pulsara, and William Atkinson, PhD, president of Guidon Healthcare Consulting, discussed several communication...

from EMS via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2IsSFEZ
via IFTTT

Winery owner leads program to prevent deaths by donating AEDs

Ron Rubin launched the "Trained for Saving Lives AED Program," through which he has committed to donating one AED to 450 qualifying wineries

from EMS via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2NjvJJm
via IFTTT

3 ways telemedicine can increase the reach of your EMS agency

Improve access to care and triage less urgent calls for more efficient use of healthcare resources. "Hi, Ms. Smith, my name is Dr. Jones. The paramedics tell me you're having some chest pain today." This is what it sounds like when your patient first arrives into the emergency department. It's also what it sounds like when you're able to integrate telemedicine into...

from EMS via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2xTriQk
via IFTTT

Attorney Chris Kelly joins Page, Wolfberg & Wirth

MECHANICSBURG, PA — Page, Wolfberg & Wirth ("PWW"), the Nation's leading EMS industry law firm has announced the addition of G. Christopher Kelly as a full-time attorney, effective October 1st. Mr. Kelly is a nationally-recognized EMS attorney and consultant who will advise PWW's clients on issues of reimbursement, compliance, privacy and more. "Chris brings...

from EMS via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2RcMDMK
via IFTTT

Replication of a rare risk haplotype on 1p36.33 for autism spectrum disorder

Abstract

Hundreds of genes have been implicated in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). In genetically heterogeneous conditions, large families with multiple affected individuals provide strong evidence implicating a rare variant, and replication of the same variant in multiple families is unusual. We previously published linkage analyses and follow-up exome sequencing in seven large families with ASDs, implicating 14 rare exome variants. These included rs200195897, which was transmitted to four affected individuals in one family. We attempted replication of those variants in the MSSNG database. MSSNG is a unique resource for replication of ASD risk loci, containing whole genome sequence (WGS) on thousands of individuals diagnosed with ASDs and family members. For each exome variant, we obtained all carriers and their relatives in MSSNG, using a TDT test to quantify evidence for transmission and association. We replicated the transmission of rs200195897 to four affected individuals in three additional families. rs200195897 was also present in three singleton affected individuals, and no unaffected individuals other than transmitting parents. We identified two additional rare variants (rs566472488 and rs185038034) transmitted with rs200195897 on 1p36.33. Sanger sequencing confirmed the presence of these variants in the original family segregating rs200195897. To our knowledge, this is the first example of a rare haplotype being transmitted with ASD in multiple families. The candidate risk variants include a missense mutation in SAMD11, an intronic variant in NOC2L, and a regulatory region variant close to both genes. NOC2L is a transcription repressor, and several genes involved in transcription regulation have been previously associated with ASDs.



from Genetics via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2zJzHYa
via IFTTT

De novo unbalanced translocations have a complex history/aetiology

Abstract

We investigated 52 cases of de novo unbalanced translocations, consisting in a terminally deleted or inverted-duplicated deleted (inv-dup del) 46th chromosome to which the distal portion of another chromosome or its opposite end was transposed. Array CGH, whole-genome sequencing, qPCR, FISH, and trio genotyping were applied. A biparental origin of the deletion and duplication was detected in 6 cases, whereas in 46, both imbalances have the same parental origin. Moreover, the duplicated region was of maternal origin in more than half of the cases, with 25% of them showing two maternal and one paternal haplotype. In all these cases, maternal age was increased. These findings indicate that the primary driver for the occurrence of the de novo unbalanced translocations is a maternal meiotic non-disjunction, followed by partial trisomy rescue of the supernumerary chromosome present in the trisomic zygote. In contrast, asymmetric breakage of a dicentric chromosome, originated either at the meiosis or postzygotically, in which the two resulting chromosomes, one being deleted and the other one inv-dup del, are repaired by telomere capture, appears at the basis of all inv-dup del translocations. Notably, this mechanism also fits with the origin of some simple translocations in which the duplicated region was of paternal origin. In all cases, the signature at the translocation junctions was that of non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) rather than non-allelic homologous recombination (NAHR). Our data imply that there is no risk of recurrence in the following pregnancies for any of the de novo unbalanced translocations we discuss here.



from Genetics via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2IvXeye
via IFTTT

Letter to the Editor: Acid Reflux or Non-acid Reflux?



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2DVRI9R
via IFTTT

Differences in Prevalence of Large Polyps Between Hispanic Americans from Mexican- and Non-Mexican-Predominant States

Abstract

Background

There have been conflicting reports comparing the prevalence of large polyps (>9 mm) between Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites (NHW). Differences between Hispanic subpopulations may account for these variations.

Aims

We aimed to assess the prevalence of large polyps (>9 mm) in Hispanics from Mexican- and non-Mexican-predominant states compared with NHW. As secondary outcome, we evaluated results by polyp location.

Methods

The 2010 U.S. Census Bureau was used to identify states with a predominantly Mexican Hispanic (West) versus non-Mexican Hispanic (East) populations. Average-risk colonoscopies in those states from 2001 to 2014 were accessed using the Clinical Outcomes Research Initiative database. Military and Veteran's Administration sites were excluded. Hispanics were compared with NHW in each geographical location using hierarchical logistic regression analysis.

Results

A total of 65,138 procedures were included with 33,425 procedures in the West (14.5% Hispanics) and 31,713 procedures in the East (44.0% Hispanics,). East Hispanics had significantly less odds of large polyps, OR 0.74, CI 0.58–0.94, p = 0.02, while West Hispanics exhibited no difference, OR 0.91, CI 0.76–1.10, p = 0.33, compared with NHW. Eastern Hispanics had less odds of large distal polyps, OR 0.69, CI 0.52–0.91, p = 0.01, and no difference in proximal polyps compared with NHW. Among Western Hispanics, no differences were seen in proximal, OR 1.06, CI 0.83–1.35, p = 0.66, or distal polyps, OR 0.83, CI 0.68–1.02, p = 0.08, compared with NHW.

Conclusion

Using NHW as a reference, Hispanics from Mexican-predominant states have a similar prevalence of large polyps, while Hispanics from non-Mexican-predominant states have a lower prevalence. Differences in Hispanic subpopulations likely explain previous conflicting reports on the prevalence of large polyps in Hispanics and NHW.



from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2xONXxc
via IFTTT

Dietary curcumin supplementation does not alter peripheral blood mononuclear cell responses to exertional heat stress

Abstract

Introduction

Curcumin reduces gut barrier damage and plasma cytokine responses to exertional heat stress. However, the role of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) in this response remains unclear.

Purpose

This work investigated the effect of 3 days of 500 mg/day dietary curcumin supplementation on PBMC responses to exertional heat stress in non-heat acclimated humans.

Methods

Eight participants ran (65% VO2max) for 60 min in an environmental chamber (37 °C/25% RH) two times (curcumin/placebo). Blood samples were collected pre, post, 1 h post, and 4 h post-exercise. PBMC were isolated from blood samples and the protein content of markers along the TLR4 signaling pathway (TLR4, MyD88, pNF-κB, NF-κB), indicators of cellular energy status (SIRT1 and p-AMPK), and mediators of cellular heat shock response (pHSF-1 and HSP70) were examined with Western blot. Data were analyzed with two-way (condition × time) RM-ANOVAs with Newman–Keuls post hocs.

Results

As compared to placebo, curcumin did not alter protein expression in PBMC (p > 0.05). However, in both study conditions at 1 h post-reductions were noted in TLR 4 (− 21.5%; p = 0.03), HSP70 (− 11.0%; p = 0.04), pAMPK (− 48.5%; p < 0.01), and SIRT1 (− 47.8%; p < 0.01). Remarkably, the ratio of pNF-κB to NF-κB was elevated in both conditions at this same timepoint (+ 75.4%; p = 0.02).

Conclusions

Inflammatory protein expression in PBMC did not differ between curcumin and placebo conditions. Downregulation of pAMPK/SIRT1 and release of HSP70 to the bloodstream may compensate for reduced TLR4, allowing PBMC to maintain inflammatory capacity and preventing an "open window" during the hours following hyperthermic exercise.



from Physiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2IuY4LS
via IFTTT

Incidence and distribution of advanced colorectal adenomas in patients undergoing colonoscopy for screening, surveillance, and symptoms

Cancer Management and Research

from Gastroenterology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2DMn56r
via IFTTT

Demographic factors in the choice of coronal restoration after root canal treatment in the Swedish adult population

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


from Rehabilitation via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2y66q7E
via IFTTT

Persistent Nociception Facilitates the Extinction of Morphine-Induced Conditioned Place Preference

BACKGROUND: As opioid abuse and addiction have developed into a major national health crisis, prescription of opioids for pain management has become more controversial. However, opioids do help some patients by providing pain relief and improving the quality of life. To better understand the addictive properties of opioids under chronic pain conditions, we used a conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm to examine the rewarding properties of morphine in rats with persistent nociception. METHODS: Spared nerve injury (SNI) model was used to induce persistent nociception in rats. Nociceptive behavior was assessed by von Frey test. CPP test was used to examine the rewarding properties of morphine. RESULTS: Our findings are as follows: (1) SNI rats did not show a difference compared with sham rats in magnitude of morphine-induced CPP 1 day after last morphine injection (2-way analysis of variance; for SNI versus sham, F[1,42] = 0.014, P = .91; and 95% confidence intervals for difference of means, −5.9 [−58 to 46], 0.76 [−51 to 53], and 0.90 [−51 to 53] for 2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg, respectively); (2) increasing morphine dosage (2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg) did not further increase the magnitude of CPP in both sham and SNI rats (for dosage: F[2,42] = 0.94, P = .40); and (3) morphine-induced CPP persisted in sham rats but extinguished in SNI rats when tested at 8 days after last morphine injection (for sham versus SNI: Bonferroni correction, P

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2NRP35j
via IFTTT

Grade 3 Echocardiographic Diastolic Dysfunction Is Associated With Increased Risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events After Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study

BACKGROUND: Diastolic dysfunction is common and may increase the risk of cardiovascular complications. This study investigated the hypothesis that, in patients with isolated left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, higher grade diastolic dysfunction was associated with greater risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) after surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Data of adult patients with isolated echocardiographic diastolic dysfunction (ejection fraction, ≥50%) who underwent noncardiac surgery from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015 were collected. The primary end point was the occurrence of postoperative MACEs during hospital stay, which included acute myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, stroke, nonfatal cardiac arrest, and cardiac death. The association between the grade of diastolic dysfunction and the occurrence of MACEs was assessed with a multivariable logistic model. RESULTS: A total of 2976 patients were included in the final analysis. Of these, 297 (10.0%) developed MACEs after surgery. After correction for confounding factors, grade 3 diastolic dysfunction was associated with higher risk of postoperative MACEs (odds ratio, 1.71; 95% confidence interval, 1.28–2.27; P

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2NdgQrK
via IFTTT

Clock Drawing Performance Slows for Older Adults After Total Knee Replacement Surgery

BACKGROUND: Clock drawing is a neurocognitive screening tool used in preoperative settings. This study examined hypothesized changes in clock drawing to command and copy test conditions 3 weeks and 3 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with general anesthesia. METHODS: Participants included 67 surgery and 66 nonsurgery individuals >60 years who completed the digital clock drawing test before TKA (or a pseudosurgery date), and 3 weeks and 3 months postsurgery. Generalized linear mixed models assessed digital clock drawing test latency (ie, total time to completion, seconds between digit placement) and graphomotor output (ie, total number of strokes, clock size). Reliable change analyses examined the percent of participants showing change beyond differences found in nonsurgery peers. RESULTS: After adjusting for age, education, and baseline cognition, both digital clock drawing test latency measures were significantly different for surgery and nonsurgery groups, where the surgery group performed slower on both command and copy test conditions. Reliable change analyses 3 weeks after surgery found that total time to completion was slower among 25% of command and 21% of copy constructions in the surgery group. At 3 months, 18% of surgery participants were slower than nonsurgery peers. Neither graphomotor measure significantly changed over time. CONCLUSIONS: Clock drawing construction slowed for nearly one-quarter of patients after TKA surgery, whereas nonsurgery peers showed the expected practice effect, ie, speed increased from baseline to follow-up time points. Future research should investigate the neurobiological basis for these changes after TKA. Accepted for publication July 16, 2018. Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health (grant nos. R01 NR014181 to C.C.P.; R01AG055337 to C.C.P. and P.T.; UL1R001427 and P50AG047266) and the National Science Foundation (1404333 to R.D., D.L.P., and C.C.P.). Conflicts of Interest: See Disclosures at the end of the article. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's website (https://ift.tt/KegmMq). Clinical Trial number and registry URL: NCT01786577; clinicaltrials.gov. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute on Aging or the National Institutes of Health. Reprints will not be available from the authors. Address correspondence to Catherine C. Price, PhD, Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida, College of PHHP, PO Box 100165, Gainesville, FL 32605. Address e-mail to cep23@phhp.ufl.edu. © 2018 International Anesthesia Research Society

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2NXy6GY
via IFTTT

The Washington Manual of Critical Care, 3rd ed

No abstract available

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2Nie196
via IFTTT

Mechanical Ventilation in the Critically Ill Obese Patient

No abstract available

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2NUhHD6
via IFTTT

Pilot Survey of Female Anesthesiologists’ Childbearing and Parental Leave Experiences

While the literature regarding physicians' childbearing experiences is growing, there are no studies documenting those of anesthesiologists. We surveyed a convenience sample of 72 female anesthesiologists to obtain pilot data. Sixty-six women completed the survey (91.7% response rate), reporting 113 total births from before 1990 to present. Of all birth experiences, proportions of respondents reporting parental leave, lactation facilities, and lactation duration as adequate were 52.3%, 45.2%, and 58.3%, respectively. Most mothers (51.8%) gave birth to their first child while they were trainees. The majority (94.9%) favored an official statement supporting parental leave. These results may serve as groundwork for larger studies. Accepted for publication August 15, 2018. Funding: None. Conflicts of Interest: See Disclosures at the end of the article. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's website (https://ift.tt/KegmMq). Reprints will not be available from the authors. Address correspondence to Amy C. S. Pearson, MD, Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, 200 Hawkins Dr, 6JCP, Iowa City, Iowa 52242. Address e-mail to amy-pearson@uiowa.edu. © 2018 International Anesthesia Research Society

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader https://ift.tt/2NclmqE
via IFTTT