Τρίτη, 21 Αυγούστου 2018

The Effects of Hispanic Immigrant Mother’s Resiliency on Children’s Dietary Adjustment

Abstract

This study explored the adjustment phase of the resiliency model of family adjustment and adaptation, particularly how stress and food insecurity interact with protective mechanisms to influence children's dietary adjustment. With increasing rates of Hispanic childhood obesity and disproportionate health disparities, this is an issue that must be better understood. Altogether, 137 Mexican immigrant mothers from Illinois and California completed questionnaires reporting their stressors, protective mechanisms, and family health behaviors. Multiple regression analyses revealed that higher perceived stress levels for mothers predicted non-nutritive snacking reasons. Furthermore, mother's dietary patterns predicted child's poor dietary quality. Taken together, maternal stressors play a role in family health behaviors, and future studies should consider household food environment factors when trying to understand protective mechanisms for families.



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Correction to: What’s Happening During Home Visits? Exploring the Relationship of Home Visiting Content and Dosage to Parenting Outcomes

The article "What's Happening During Home Visits? Exploring the Relationship of Home Visiting Content and Dosage to Parenting Outcomes", written by Peggy Nygren, Beth Green, Katie Winters and Anna Rockhill, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 13 June 2018 without open access.



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Correction to: Monitoring Quality Across Home Visiting Models: A Field Test of Michigan’s Home Visiting Quality Assurance System

The article "Monitoring Quality Across Home Visiting Models: A Field Test of Michigan's Home Visiting Quality Assurance System", written by Julia Heany, Jennifer Torres, Cynthia Zagar and Tiffany Kostelec, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 05 June 2018 without open access



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Correction to: Randomized Trial of a Training Program to Improve Home Visitor Communication around Sensitive Topics

The article "Randomized Trial of a Training Program to Improve Home Visitor Communication around Sensitive Topics", written by Allison West, Laina Gagliardi, Amanda Gatewood, Susan Higman, Jane Daniels, Kay O'Neill and Anne Duggan, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 31 May 2018 without open access.



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Correction to: Mother and Home Visitor Emotional Well-Being and Alignment on Goals for Home Visiting as Factors for Program Engagement

The article "Mother and Home Visitor Emotional Well-Being and Alignment on Goals for Home Visiting as Factors for Program Engagement", written by L. Burrell, S. Crowne, K. Ojo, R. Snead, K. O'Neill, F. Cluxton‑Keller and A. Duggan, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 31 May 2018 without open access.



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Spread of Carbapenem and Colistin-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ST512 Clinical Isolates in Israel: A Cause for Vigilance

Microbial Drug Resistance, Ahead of Print.


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Characteristics of Antibiotic Resistance of Helicobacter pylori Among Adult Arab and Jewish Populations in Northern Israel

Microbial Drug Resistance, Ahead of Print.


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Learning curve for single‐incision laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair

Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery, EarlyView.


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Safety of laparoscopic colorectal surgery in patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunt

Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery, EarlyView.


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Optimal introduction of laparoscopic liver resection for Child–Pugh B

Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery, EarlyView.


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Laparoscopic high anterior resection for triple colorectal cancers with persistent ascending and descending mesocolons: A case report

Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery, EarlyView.


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Genetic Architecture of Soybean Yield and Agronomic Traits

Soybean is the world's leading source of vegetable protein and demand for its seed continues to grow. Breeders have successfully increased soybean yield, but the genetic architecture of yield and key agronomic traits is poorly understood. We developed a 40-mating soybean nested association mapping (NAM) population of 5,600 inbred lines that were characterized by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and for six agronomic traits in field trials in 22 environments. Analysis of the yield, agronomic, and SNP data revealed 23 significant marker-trait associations for yield, 19 for maturity, 15 for plant height, 17 for plant lodging, and 29 for seed mass. A higher frequency of estimated positive yield alleles was evident from elite founder parents than from exotic founders, although unique desirable yield alleles from the exotic group were identified, demonstrating the value of expanding the genetic base of US soybean breeding.



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Imputation-Aware Tag SNP Selection To Improve Power for Large-Scale, Multi-ethnic Association Studies

The emergence of very large cohorts in genomic research has facilitated a focus on genotype-imputation strategies to power rare variant association. These strategies have benefited from improvements in imputation methods and association tests, however little attention has been paid to ways in which array design can increase rare variant association power. Therefore, we developed a novel framework to select tag SNPs using the reference panel of 26 populations from Phase 3 of the 1000 Genomes Project. We evaluate tag SNP performance via mean imputed r2 at untyped sites using leave-one-out internal validation and standard imputation methods, rather than pairwise linkage disequilibrium. Moving beyond pairwise metrics allows us to account for haplotype diversity across the genome for improve imputation accuracy and demonstrates population-specific biases from pairwise estimates. We also examine array design strategies that contrast multi-ethnic cohorts versus single populations, and show a boost in performance for the former can be obtained by prioritizing tag SNPs that contribute information across multiple populations simultaneously. Using our framework, we demonstrate increased imputation accuracy for rare variants (frequency<1%) by 0.5-3.1% for an array of one million sites and 0.7-7.1% for an array of 500,000 sites, depending on the population. Finally, we show how recent explosive growth in non-African populations means tag SNPs capture on average 30% fewer other variants than in African populations. The unified framework presented here will enable investigators to make informed decisions for the design of new arrays, and help empower the next phase of rare variant association for global health.



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State 911 Assessor - National 911 Program

The National 911 Program is seeking qualified candidates to partake in the National 911 State Assessment Program, a volunteer opportunity for a small and diverse group of leaders to share their expertise with peers and grow their career by participating in a state 911 assessment. **Ideal Candidate**: Leaders looking for an opportunity to learn from others, share their own skills and give back to the ...

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Webinar: How can prehospital providers can quickly identify and treat sepsis?

Learn how you can quickly assess and treat patients with sepsis as an EMS provider.

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Casz1 controls higher-order nuclear organization in rod photoreceptors [Genetics]

Genome organization plays a fundamental role in the gene-expression programs of numerous cell types, but determinants of higher-order genome organization are poorly understood. In the developing mouse retina, rod photoreceptors represent a good model to study this question. They undergo a process called "chromatin inversion" during differentiation, in which, as...

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Preferences in a trait decision determined by transcription factor variants [Genetics]

Few mechanisms are known that explain how transcription factors can adjust phenotypic outputs to accommodate differing environments. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the decision to mate or invade relies on environmental cues that converge on a shared transcription factor, Ste12. Specificity toward invasion occurs via Ste12 binding cooperatively with the cofactor Tec1....

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Incomplete penetrance for isolated congenital asplenia in humans with mutations in translated and untranslated RPSA exons [Genetics]

Isolated congenital asplenia (ICA) is the only known human developmental defect exclusively affecting a lymphoid organ. In 2013, we showed that private deleterious mutations in the protein-coding region of RPSA, encoding ribosomal protein SA, caused ICA by haploinsufficiency with complete penetrance. We reported seven heterozygous protein-coding mutations in 8 of...

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The Prevalence of Mental Illness and Substance Abuse Among Rural Latino Adults with Multiple Adverse Childhood Experiences in California

Abstract

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been found to increase health and mental health risks in adulthood. Previous ACE studies tend to have small samples of Latinos; however, as Latinos are projected to be the largest minority group in the United States, it is important to examine how ACEs are associated with self-reported mental distress and alcohol and/or substance abuse among Latino populations. An ACEs survey was conducted in a predominantly Latino town; the sample included 195 individuals (18 or older), and the majority (92%) identified as Latino. Logistic regression showed that respondents with three or more ACEs, compared to those with no ACEs, were three times more likely to report more days of mental distress and eight times more likely to have alcohol and/or substance abuse problems. Further studies are needed to understand the association between ACEs and behavioral health using culturally and linguistically competent mental health screening tools.



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Successful treatment of esophageal bleeding due to rupture of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries by transcatheter arterial embolization

Abstract

Major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) are unique vessels associated with hypoxia induced by congenital heart disease (CHD). Although MAPCAs are essential to supply blood to the lungs, their development and proliferation can induce life-threatening complications, such as rupture into the lung. Here, we describe a rare case of esophageal bleeding from MAPCAs in a CHD patient, which was successfully treated by transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). A 16-year-old male with CHD experienced a hematemesis and melena after the Bentall procedure to treat valvular heart disease. Emergent esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed spurting bleeding from the middle esophageal vessels; accordingly, endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) was performed. However, he had a hematemesis again after 2 weeks of EVL. The arterial phase of dynamic computed tomography indicated that a MAPCA associated with CHD was the origin of bleeding. Hence, TAE of this MAPCA with a mixture of n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate and ethiodized oil was performed to prevent re-bleeding. Color Doppler mode in endoscopic ultrasonography via the esophagus revealed mosaic-like signals in MAPCAs located in the esophageal wall. This finding was consistent with tortuous MAPCAs accompanied by turbulent blood flow. When clinicians encounter CHD patients with unexpected massive esophageal bleeding, bleeding related to MAPCAs should be considered.



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EMT - Safety Medic - GEMS

GEMS is seeking licensed EMT's to work as an onsite Safety Medic in the construction industry. You would be working in a clinic type of setup and providing medical care to ill and injured persons at your assigned job-site. You would be treating patients in your office/clinic as well as responding to site emergencies as needed. These positions are onsite only and no patient transportation is involved ...

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Age is a predictive factor in the femoral nerve positioning: an anatomical ultrasound study

Abstract

Precise identification of the femoral nerve (FN) is essential for an ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block. We hypothesized that the distance between the FN and the femoral artery (FA) is correlated with patient age. In this prospective observational study, we evaluated the FN–FA (from the lateral edge of the FA to the medial edge of the FN) distance [0.42 ± 0.42 (mean ± standard deviation) cm] in 102 patients using ultrasound. In addition, we calculated the cross-sectional area of the iliopsoas muscle using computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Multiple regression analyses revealed that age was significantly and positively correlated with the FN–FA distance (R2 = 0.72, p < 0.001) and that this correlation was greater than that between height, weight, or gender and the FN–FA distance. Further, the cross-sectional area of the iliopsoas muscle per weight was significantly correlated with age (R2 = 0.54, p < 0.001) and the FN–FA distance (R2 = 0.50, p < 0.001). These findings may help refine the ultrasound techniques used for the femoral nerve block.



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Methods, results and dose consequences of 106Ru detection in the environment in Budapest, Hungary

Publication date: December 2018

Source: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Volume 192

Author(s): Dorottya Jakab, Gáborné Endrődi, András Kocsonya, Annamária Pántya, Tamás Pázmándi, Péter Zagyvai

Abstract

From late September to early October of 2017, the majority of European networks involved in environmental radiological monitoring – including the environmental monitoring system of the KFKI Campus in Budapest – detected 106Ru isotope of artificial origin in the atmosphere. The reported values higher than the minimum detectable activity (MDA) concentrations were in the range of 0.8 μBq/m3 – 145 mBq/m3. Based on the results of environmental measurements and the available meteorological data, assessments were made to analyze concentration levels of 106Ru activity and to help understand the behavior of radioruthenium in various environmental media. Evaluation of the daily variation of activity levels indicated a maximum of 4 day-long residence time of 106Ru contamination presence in ground level air in Budapest. An average 106Ru activity concentration of 25.6 ± 1.4 mBq/m3 have been observed for the estimated residence time of 106Ru in the air. Deposition of 106Ru was dominantly influenced by rainfall, the major contributor wet deposition which led to an average of 11.3 ± 1.3 Bq/m2 deposition on the ground surface prior to plume passage.

Graphical abstract

Image 1



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The risk of hepatocellular carcinoma within and beyond the first 5 years of entecavir in Korean patients with chronic hepatitis B

Liver International

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Effect of alcohol consumption on survival in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A national prospective cohort study

Hepatology

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Effects of alfuzosin, an alpha-1 αdrenergic antagonist on anal pressures and bowel habits, in women with and without defecatory disorders

Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

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Frequent antiviral treatment failures in patients infected with hepatitis C virus genotype 4, subtype 4r

Hepatology

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Hepatitis B virus infection and risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A population-based cohort study

Liver International

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Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy resolves NAFLD: Another formal indication for bariatric surgery?

Obesity Surgery

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Relationship between fatty liver, specific and multiple-site atherosclerosis and 10-year Framingham Score

Hepatology

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Fish intake and risk of mortality due to aortic dissection and aneurysm: A pooled analysis of the Japan Cohort Consortium

Clinical Nutrition

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Low referral rate for genetic testing in racially and ethnically diverse patients despite universal colorectal cancer screening

Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

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The NACSTOP trial: A multi-center, cluster-controlled trial of early cessation of acetylcysteine in acetaminophen overdose

Hepatology

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Changes in renal function in patients with chronic HBV infection treated with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate vs entecavir

Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

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Comparison of therapies for primary prevention of esophageal variceal bleeding: A systematic review and network meta-analysis

Hepatology

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Marine omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: Plasma proteomics in the randomized WELCOME - trial

Clinical Nutrition

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Liver complications following treatment of hematologic malignancy with anti-CD22-calicheamicin (Inotuzumab Ozogamicin)

Hepatology

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Development of a comorbidity index to identify patients with small bowel bleeding at risk for rebleeding and small bowel vascular diseases

Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

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Delayed diagnosis of colorectal sexually transmitted diseases due to their resemblance to inflammatory bowel diseases

International Journal of Infectious Diseases

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Association between Temporomandibular Disorders and Pubertal Development: A Systematic Review

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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Orthognathic Surgery Deteriorates the Osseointegration of Dental Implants: A Propensity‐matched Multi‐center Cohort Study

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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Biomechanical effect of mandibular advancement device with different protrusion positions for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea on tooth and facial bone: A finite element study

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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Pharyngeal Swallowing in Older Adults: Kinematic Analysis Using Three‐Dimensional Dynamic Computed Tomography

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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An experimental chronic obstructive sialadenitis model by partial ligation of the submandibular duct characterized by sialography, histology, and transmission electron microscopy

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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Is there a higher prevalence of tinnitus in patients with temporomandibular disorders? A systematic review and meta‐analysis

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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Tinnitus as a comorbidity to temporomandibular disorders − a systematic review

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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Oral function of older people with Mild Cognitive Impairment or dementia

Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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Chronic aerobic exercise reduces the aortic age of an elderly cohort

The Journal of Physiology, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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Pulmonary vascular dysfunction in metabolic syndrome

The Journal of Physiology, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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Re‐analysis of Exome Sequencing Data of Intellectual Disability Samples: Yields and Benefits

Clinical Genetics, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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Augmented venoarteriolar response with aging is associated with morning blood pressure surge

Experimental Physiology, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.


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