Κυριακή, 19 Νοεμβρίου 2017

Loneliness and acute stress reactivity: A systematic review of psychophysiological studies

Abstract

Physiological reactivity to acute stress has been proposed as a potential biological mechanism by which loneliness may lead to negative health outcomes such as cardiovascular disease. This review was conducted to investigate the association between loneliness and physiological responses to acute stress. A series of electronic databases were systematically searched (PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, Medline, CINAHL Plus, EBSCOhost, PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science, Science Direct) for relevant studies, published up to October 2016. Eleven studies were included in the review. Overall, the majority of studies reported positive associations between loneliness and acute stress responses, such that higher levels of loneliness were predictive of exaggerated physiological reactions. However, in a few studies, loneliness was also linked with decreased stress responses for particular physiological outcomes, indicating the possible existence of blunted relationships. There was no clear pattern suggesting any sex- or stressor-based differences in these associations. The available evidence supports a link between loneliness and atypical physiological reactivity to acute stress. A key finding of this review was that greater levels of loneliness are associated with exaggerated blood pressure and inflammatory reactivity to acute stress. However, there was some indication that loneliness may also be related to blunted cardiac, cortisol, and immune responses. Overall, this suggests that stress reactivity could be one of the biological mechanisms through which loneliness impacts upon health.



from Physiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2z0kiQq
via IFTTT

Transcription: Shedding light on alternative promoter selection



from Genetics via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2ixPG2l
via IFTTT

Prioritizing diversity in human genomics research



from Genetics via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2ATciBd
via IFTTT

Presbyopia monovision correction and cortical adaptation

Abstract

The article "Immediate cortical adaption in visual and non-visual areas functions induced by monovision" approaches adaptation to monovision with contact lenses, one way of compensating the loss of near vision that affects all humans with ageing.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved



from Physiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2jHvJtv
via IFTTT

Oxidative stress does not influence local sweat rate during high intensity exercise

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO)-dependent sweating is diminished during high but not moderate intensity exercise. We evaluated whether this impairment stems from increased oxidative stress during high intensity exercise. On two separate days, 11 young (24 ± 4 years) males cycled in the heat (35°C) at a moderate (500 W; 52 ± 6%VO2peak) or high (700 W; 71 ± 5%VO2peak) rate of metabolic heat production. Each session included two 30-min exercise bouts separated by a 20-min recovery. Local sweat rate was monitored at four forearm skin sites continuously perfused via intradermal microdialysis with: (1) lactated Ringer's solution (Control), (2) 10 mm ascorbate (Ascorbate; non-selective antioxidant), (3) 10 mm NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; NO synthase inhibitor), or (4) 10 mm Ascorbate + 10 mm L-NAME (Ascorbate + L-NAME). During moderate exercise, sweat rate was attenuated at the L-NAME and Ascorbate + L-NAME sites (both ∼1.0 mg·min−1·cm−2, all P < 0.05) but not at the Ascorbate site (∼1.1 mg·min−1·cm−2, both P ≥ 0.28) in comparison to the Control site (∼1.1 mg·min−1·cm−2). However, no differences were observed between treatment sites (∼1.4 mg·min−1·cm−2; P = 0.75) during high intensity exercise. We conclude that diminished NO-dependent sweating during intense exercise occurs independent of oxidative stress.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved



from Physiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2zik4s2
via IFTTT

Standardised noxious stimulation-guided individual adjustment of remifentanil target-controlled infusion to prevent haemodynamic responses to laryngoscopy and surgical incision: A randomised controlled trial

BACKGROUND The surgical plethysmographic index (SPI) is one of the available indexes of the nociception–antinociception (NAN) balance. Individually adjusting the NAN balance to prevent somatic responses to noxious stimulation remains a challenge. OBJECTIVES To assess whether guiding remifentanil administration according to the SPI response to a calibrated noxious stimulus (NANCAL) can blunt the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation and surgical incision. DESIGN Prospective randomised multicentre controlled study. SETTING Two Belgian university hospitals from January 2014 to April 2015. PATIENTS After ethic review board approval and informed consent, 48 American Society of Anesthesiologists I or II adult patients scheduled for surgery under general anaesthesia were enrolled. INTERVENTIONS Patients were randomly assigned to a SPI group, where remifentanil effect-site concentration was adjusted according to NANCAL, or a control group, where it was fixed at 4 ng ml−1. Propofol concentration was always adjusted to maintain the bispectral index close to 40. NANCAL consisted of a 100 Hz, 60 mA electrical tetanic stimulation during 30 s at the wrist before tracheal intubation and before surgical incision. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The primary endpoint was the efficacy of the NANCAL-guided remifentanil administration to prevent the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation and surgical incision. The secondary aim was to compare the ability of SPI, analgesia nociception index, pupil diameter and mean arterial pressure response to NANCAL to predict the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation and surgical incision. RESULTS Our SPI response to NANCAL-based correcting scheme for remifentanil administration was not superior to a fixed remifentanil concentration at blunting the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation or surgical incision. Among all tested NAN balance indices, only mean arterial pressure had significant predictive ability with regard to the haemodynamic response to surgical incision. CONCLUSION Further research is needed to define the best NANCAL stimulus and the best remifentanil correcting scheme to help individualised tailoring of antinociception for each specific subpopulation of surgical patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION Clinicaltrials.gov NCT: 02884310; http://ift.tt/2B2PCiQ. Correspondence to Aline Defresne, MD, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, CHR Citadelle, Bd du 12eme de Ligne, 1, 4000 Liege, Belgium E-mail: adefresne@chu.ulg.ac.be © 2017 European Society of Anaesthesiology

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2z0fN8n
via IFTTT

Lung Isolation in the Patient With a Difficult Airway

One-lung ventilation is routinely used to facilitate exposure for thoracic surgical procedures and can be achieved via several lung isolation techniques. The optimal method for lung isolation depends on a number of factors that include (1) the indication for lung isolation, (2) anatomic features of the upper and lower airway, (3) availability of equipment and devices, and (4) the anesthesiologist's proficiency and preferences. Though double-lumen endobronchial tubes (DLTs) are most commonly utilized to achieve lung isolation, the use of endobronchial blockers offer advantages in patients with challenging airway anatomy. Anesthesiologists should be familiar with existing alternatives to the DLT for lung isolation and alternative techniques for DLT placement in the patient with a difficult airway. Newer technologies such as videolaryngoscopy with or without adjunctive fiberoptic bronchoscopy may facilitate intubation and lung isolation in difficult airway management. Accepted for publication October 3, 2017. Funding: None. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's website (http://ift.tt/KegmMq). Reprints will not be available from the authors. Address correspondence to Randal S. Blank, MD, PhD, Department of Anesthesiology, Thoracic Anesthesia, University of Virginia Health System, PO Box 800710-0710, Charlottesville, VA 22908. Address e-mail to rsb8p@virginia.edu. © 2017 International Anesthesia Research Society

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2AU7MCm
via IFTTT

Ultrasound-Assisted Versus Fluoroscopic-Guided Lumbar Sympathetic Ganglion Block: A Prospective and Randomized Study

BACKGROUND: Fluoroscopy (FL)-guided lumbar sympathetic ganglion block (LSGB) is widely performed to diagnose and manage various diseases associated with sympathetically maintained pain. Recently, numerous ultrasound (US)-assisted procedures in pain medicine have been attempted, showing an advantage of low radiation exposure. This randomized, prospective trial compared the procedural outcomes and complications between FL-guided and US-assisted LSGBs. METHODS: Fifty LSGBs were randomly divided into 2 groups: FL-guided (FL group) or US-assisted (US group) LSGB group. Both groups received FL-guided or US-assisted LSGB with 10 mL of 0.25% levobupivacaine. The primary end point was the total procedure time. Secondary outcomes were success rate, imaging time, onset time (based on temperature rise), dosage of radiation exposure, other procedure-related outcomes, and complications. RESULTS: Total procedure time and success rate were not statistically different between the 2 groups, whereas imaging time of the US group was longer than that of the FL group (P = .012). The onset time was faster in the US group (P = .019), and bone touching during the procedure was less frequent in the US group (P = .001). Moreover, radiation exposure was significantly lower in the US group than in the FL group (P

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2ixNA2r
via IFTTT

Perioperative Noninvasive Blood Pressure Monitoring

The most commonly monitored variable for perioperative hemodynamic management is blood pressure. Several indirect noninvasive blood pressure monitoring techniques have been developed over the last century, including intermittent techniques such as auscultation (Riva-Rocci and Korotkoff) and oscillometry (Marey) and continuous techniques. With the introduction of automated noninvasive blood pressure devices in the 1970s, the oscillometric technique quickly became and remains the standard for automated, intermittent blood pressure measurement. It tends to estimate more extreme high and low blood pressures closer to normal than what invasive measurements indicate. The accuracy of the oscillometric maximum amplitude algorithm for estimating mean arterial pressure is affected by multiple factors, including the cuff size and shape, the shape of the arterial compliance curve and arterial pressure pulse, and pulse pressure itself. Additionally, the technique typically assumes a consistent arterial compliance and arterial pressure pulse, thus changes in arterial compliance and arrhythmias that lead to variation in the pressure pulse can affect accuracy. Volume clamping, based on the Penaz principle, and arterial tonometry provide continuous tracking of the arterial pressure pulse. The ubiquitous use of blood pressure monitoring is in contrast with the lack of evidence for optimal perioperative blood pressure targets. Accepted for publication September 27, 2017. Funding: None. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Reprints will not be available from the authors. Address correspondence to Kai Kuck, PhD, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Utah Medical School, 30 N 1900 E Room 3c444, Salt Lake City, UT 84132. Address e-mail to kai.kuck@hsc.utah.edu. © 2017 International Anesthesia Research Society

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2AUor8N
via IFTTT

How to Survive in Anaesthesia, 5th ed

No abstract available

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2ixNxUj
via IFTTT

Two-Year Follow-Up Survey: Views of US Anesthesiologists About Health Care Costs and Future Practice Roles

Anesthesiologists' perspectives on US health care finance reform are increasingly germane to recent policy reforms. The aim of this follow-up survey was to examine how anesthesiologists' views of health care costs and future practice roles have changed since 2014. Six thousand randomly chosen active members of the American Society of Anesthesiologists were again surveyed and were also asked several new questions regarding specialties and perioperative management. Results showed an increase in self-reported understanding of the perioperative surgical home. Government, insurance companies, and pharmaceutical companies saw an increase in perceived "major responsibility" for cost reduction. Respondents vastly preferred that patient care under the perioperative surgical home be multidisciplinary. Accepted for publication September 1, 2017. Funding: None. Conflicts of Interest: See Disclosures at the end of the article. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's website (http://ift.tt/KegmMq). Reprints will not be available from the authors. Address correspondence to Joseph B. Rinehart, MD, Department of Anesthesiology & Perioperative Care, University of California, Irvine, 101 The City Dr S, Orange, CA 92868. Address e-mail to jrinehar@uci.edu. © 2017 International Anesthesia Research Society

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2iyywlp
via IFTTT

Reducing Maternal Mortality in Papua New Guinea: Contextualizing Access to Safe Surgery and Anesthesia

Papua New Guinea has one of the world's highest maternal mortality rates with approximately 215 women dying per 100,000 live births. The sustainable development goals outline key priority areas for achieving a reduction in maternal mortality including a focus on universal health coverage with safe surgery and anesthesia for all pregnant women. This narrative review addresses the issue of reducing maternal mortality in Papua New Guinea by contextualizing the need for safe obstetric surgery and anesthesia within a structure of enabling environments at key times in a woman's life. The 3 pillars of enabling environments are as follows: a stable humanitarian government; a safe, secure, and clean environment; and a strong health system. Key times, and their associated specific issues, in a woman's life include prepregnancy, antenatal, birth and the postpartum period, childhood, adolescence and young womanhood, and the postchildbearing years. Accepted for publication September 8, 2017. Funding: None. The author declares no conflicts of interest. This review was undertaken as part of work completed by Associate Professor Dennis at the University of Sydney as part of the completion of her Master of International Public Health. Reprints will not be available from the author. Address correspondence to Alicia T. Dennis, MBBS, PhD, MIPH, PGDipEcho, FANZCA, Department of Anaesthesia, The Royal Women's Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Locked Bag 300, Corner Grattan St & Flemington Rd, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia. Address e-mail to alicia.dennis@thewomens.org.au. © 2017 International Anesthesia Research Society

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2AU7L1g
via IFTTT

Alkalinized Lidocaine Preloaded Endotracheal Tube Cuffs Reduce Emergence Cough After Brief Surgery: A Prospective Randomized Trial

BACKGROUND: Alkalinized lidocaine in the endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff decreases the incidence of cough and throat pain on emergence after surgery lasting more than 2 hours. However, alkalinized lidocaine needs 60–120 minutes to cross the ETT cuff membrane; therefore, its usefulness in shorter duration surgery is unknown. This prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial tested the hypothesis that alkalinized lidocaine would reduce the incidence of emergence cough after surgeries lasting 90 minutes before intubation with either 2 mL of 2% lidocaine and 8 mL of 8.4% bicarbonate (group AL) or 10 mL of normal saline (group S). Cuffs were emptied immediately before intubation. After intubation, either 2 mL of 2% lidocaine (AL) or 2 mL of saline (S) were injected into the cuff. Additional 8.4% bicarbonate (AL) or saline (S) was injected into the cuff until there was no air leak. Anesthesia was maintained using desflurane, rocuronium, and either fentanyl or sufentanil to maintain vital signs within 20% of baseline values. Opioids administered in prophylaxis of extubation cough were proscribed. A standardized "no touch" emergence technique was used. A blinded assessor noted any cough above 0.2 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of expired desflurane. At 0.2 MAC, once every 30 seconds, the patient was instructed to open his eyes and extubation occurred once a directed response was noted. RESULTS: A total of 213 patients were randomized and 100 patients in each group completed the experimental protocol. The incidence of extubation cough in group AL was 12%, significantly lower (1-sided P = .045) than the 22% incidence in group S. The 1-tailed risk ratio for cough in group AL was 0.55 (0–0.94, P = .045). Total amount of opioids administered (P = .194), ETT cuff preloading times (P = .259), and extubation times (P = .331) were not significantly different between groups. The average duration of surgery was 59 ± 28 minutes in group AL and 52 ± 29 minutes in group S (P = .057). CONCLUSIONS: Alkalinized lidocaine in the ETT cuff significantly decreased general anesthesia emergence cough after surgeries with an average duration of slightly

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2iyyvhl
via IFTTT

The Science of Local Anesthesia: Basic Research, Clinical Application, and Future Directions

Local anesthetics have been used clinically for more than a century, but new insights into their mechanisms of action and their interaction with biological systems continue to surprise researchers and clinicians alike. Next to their classic action on voltage-gated sodium channels, local anesthetics interact with calcium, potassium, and hyperpolarization-gated ion channels, ligand-gated channels, and G protein–coupled receptors. They activate numerous downstream pathways in neurons, and affect the structure and function of many types of membranes. Local anesthetics must traverse several tissue barriers to reach their site of action on neuronal membranes. In particular, the perineurium is a major rate-limiting step. Allergy to local anesthetics is rare, while the variation in individual patient's response to local anesthetics is probably larger than previously assumed. Several adjuncts are available to prolong sensory block, but these typically also prolong motor block. The 2 main research avenues being followed to improve action of local anesthetics are to prolong duration of block, by slow-release formulations and on-demand release, and to develop compounds and combinations that elicit a nociception-selective blockade. Accepted for publication October 16, 2017. Funding: None. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Reprints will not be available from the authors. Address correspondence to Markus W. Hollmann, MD, PhD, Department of Anesthesiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Address e-mail to m.w.hollmann@amc.uva.nl. © 2017 International Anesthesia Research Society

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2AU7J9E
via IFTTT

Improvement of the Elevated Tryptase Criterion to Discriminate IgE- From Non–IgE-Mediated Allergic Reactions

BACKGROUND: Differentiating between immunoglobulin E (IgE)-dependent and IgE-independent hypersensitivity reactions may improve the etiologic orientation and clinical management of patients with allergic reactions in the anesthesia setting. Serum tryptase levels may be useful to discriminate the immune mechanism of allergic reactions, but the diagnostic accuracy and optimal cutpoint remain unclear. We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of tryptase during reaction (TDR) alone and the TDR/basal tryptase (TDR/BT) ratio for discriminating IgE- from non–IgE-mediated allergic reactions, and to estimate the best cut point for these indicators. METHODS: We included 111 patients (45% men; aged 3–99 years) who had experienced an allergic reaction, even though the allergic reaction could be nonanaphylactic. Allergy tests were performed to classify the reaction as an IgE- or non–IgE-mediated one. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to estimate the discriminative ability of TDR and TDR/BT ratio. RESULTS: An IgE-mediated reaction was diagnosed in 49.5% of patients, of whom 56% met anaphylaxis criteria. The median (quartiles) TDR for the IgE-mediated reactions was 8.0 (4.9–19.6) and 5.1 (3.5–8.1) for the non–IgE-mediated (P = .022). The median (quartiles) TDR/BT ratio was 2.7 (1.7–4.5) in IgE-mediated and 1.1 (1.0–1.6) in non–IgE-mediated reactions (P

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2ixNuI7
via IFTTT

Anesthesia Medication Handling Needs a New Vision

No abstract available

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2AVAxyL
via IFTTT

Effects of Increasing Airway Pressures on the Pressure of the Endotracheal Tube Cuff During Pelvic Laparoscopic Surgery

BACKGROUND: Tracheal tube cuff pressures exceeding the perfusion pressures of the tracheal mucosa have been associated with complications such as sore throat, tracheal mucosa ulcers, tracheal rupture, and subglottic stenosis. Despite appropriate inflation, many factors can increase the tracheal cuff pressure during mechanical ventilation. This prospective observational cohort study was designed to test the hypothesis that during a clinical model of decreasing respiratory compliance, the pressure within the endotracheal tube cuff will rise in direct relationship to increases in the airway pressures. METHODS: Twenty-eight adult obese patients (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) scheduled for elective laparoscopic gynecologic procedures were enrolled. All patients received general anesthesia utilizing endotracheal tubes with low-pressure high-volume cuffs. After baseline adjustment of the cuff pressure to 25 cm H2O, the airway pressures and endotracheal cuff pressures were continuously measured using pressure transducers connected to the anesthesia circuit and cuff pilot, respectively. Data on cuff and airway pressures, mechanical ventilation parameters, intraabdominal pressures, and degree of surgical table inclination were collected throughout the anesthetic procedure. General linear regression models with fixed and random effects were fit to assess the effect of increases in airway pressures on cuff pressure, after adjusting for covariates and the clustered structure of the data. RESULTS: The mean (standard deviation) age and body mass index were 42.2 (8.8) years and 37.7 (5.1) kg/m2, respectively. After tracheal intubation, the cuffs were overinflated (ie, intracuff pressures >30 cm H2O) in 89% of patients. The cuff pressures significantly changed after concomitant variations in the airway pressures from a mean (standard error) value of 29.6 (1.30) cm H2O before peritoneal insufflations, to 35.6 (0.68) cm H2O after peritoneal insufflation, and to 27.8 (0.79) cm H2O after peritoneal deflation (P

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2iyyrOD
via IFTTT

Epidural Space Identification With Loss of Resistance Technique for Epidural Analgesia During Labor: A Randomized Controlled Study Using Air or Saline—New Arguments for an Old Controversy

BACKGROUND: The best technique to identify the epidural space for labor analgesia is still unclear despite the publication of various randomized controlled studies and meta-analyses. Our aim was to assess the superiority of the saline loss of resistance (SLOR) technique over the air loss of resistance (ALOR) technique with respect to the quality of the block. METHODS: Consenting parturients admitted to our obstetric suite for spontaneous or induced labor were randomized to receive epidural analgesia using either the ALOR or SLOR technique. Our primary outcome was to compare the impact of the SLOR and ALOR technique on pain score improvement measured 30 minutes after administration of epidural block. Our secondary outcomes included the density of motor blockade and analgesic efficacy measured at 30 minutes. Primary and secondary outcomes were compared using the Student t test and Mann-Whitney U test. Statistical significance was set at P

from Anaesthesiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2AVcP5v
via IFTTT

Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

Publication date: Available online 6 November 2017
Source:Radiologic Clinics of North America
Author(s): Dania Tamimi




from Radiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2B1vyx4
via IFTTT

Imaging of Odontogenic Infections

Publication date: Available online 21 October 2017
Source:Radiologic Clinics of North America
Author(s): Shaza Mardini, Anita Gohel

Teaser

Odontogenic infections represent a common clinical problem in patients of all ages. The presence of teeth enables the direct spread of inflammatory products from dental caries, trauma, and/or periodontal disease into the maxilla and mandible. The radiographic changes seen depend on the type and duration of the inflammatory process and host body response. Imaging plays a central role in identifying the source of infection and the extent of the disease spread and in detecting any complications. Many different imaging modalities can be used. The radiographic features associated with acute and chronic inflammatory processes are discussed.


from Radiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2z2pJOv
via IFTTT

Malignant Lesions in the Dentomaxillofacial Complex

Publication date: Available online 19 October 2017
Source:Radiologic Clinics of North America
Author(s): Susan M. White

Teaser

Malignancies in the maxillofacial region are rare but comprise a broad spectrum of lesions. Given the potential for malignancies to mimic dental/sinus/temporomandibular joint pathology or remain asymptomatic, the judicious radiologist will be familiar with the initial and unique malignant changes affecting the dentition, periodontium, and supporting osseous structures on conventional film, dental, and sinus imaging. This article is meant to serve as a complement to the many excellent texts dedicated to advanced imaging techniques for the staging of known malignancies. The lesions discussed are a representative sample of malignancies involving hard tissues of the maxillofacial complex but are far from complete.


from Radiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2B0kq3L
via IFTTT

Fibroosseous and Other Lesions of Bone in the Jaws

Publication date: Available online 19 October 2017
Source:Radiologic Clinics of North America
Author(s): Mansur Ahmad, Laurence Gaalaas

Teaser

Fibroosseous lesions in the jaws have similar histologic and radiographic features. Despite their similarity, management varies significantly. In this article, common fibroosseous lesions and key radiographic features are described. Many of the fibroosseous lesions are diagnosed radiographically, without performing histologic examinations. For some of the fibroosseous lesions, for example, periapical osseous dysplasia, histologic examination is contraindicated. Cherubism and fibrous dysplasia have specific radiographic findings; these conditions can be diagnosed radiographically. Accurate diagnosis conditions is essential; some conditions do not require any intervention, while others require surgical resection. Patient demographics, for example, age, gender, and race, play important roles in diagnosis.


from Radiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2z2pFyf
via IFTTT

Radiology of Implant Dentistry

Publication date: Available online 16 October 2017
Source:Radiologic Clinics of North America
Author(s): Asma'a Abdurrahman Al-Ekrish

Teaser

The article presents an overview of the goal of imaging at each stage of implant therapy and the usefulness and limitations of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in achieving those goals. Various MDCT protocols of use in implant imaging also are presented, with an emphasis on dose reduction and the use of iterative reconstruction techniques. Also discussed are options for viewing and analysis of CT images, issues related to appropriate image reformatting and interpretation, interactive treatment planning, and transfer of information from the images to the surgical field during implant surgery using surgical guides and CT-guided navigation systems.


from Radiology via xlomafota13 on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2B2Aamy
via IFTTT